Osgood-Schlatter Disease is characterized by activity-related pain and swelling under the patella (at the insertion of the patellar tendon to the tibial tubercle). It is more common in young boys (age 10-15) and occurs during a rapid growth spurt when the tibial tubercle is susceptible to stress. The cause is usually prolonged overuse. Physiotherapy […]
Quadriceps Tendonitis is the inflammation of the quadriceps tendon from overuse. Individuals will experience pain just above the kneecap and will be particularly painful with activities such as jumping, squatting or stairs. Physiotherapy can assist in improving strength of the quadriceps muscle, pain management through therapeutic modalities and exercises to improve knee stabilization.
Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome is a condition resulting in excessive tightness of iliotibial band, causing pain from the hip down the outer side of the leg to the knee area. Usually the primary cause is hip/knee muscular imbalance that will be addressed by a physiotherapist through specific exercises and postural education (e.g. proper footwear, […]
A procedure that involves replacing the knee joint with a prosthetic implant to improve function usually after degeneration secondary to osteoarthritis. Individuals with knee replacements are provided with a list of activity restrictions from their surgeon. Physiotherapy can assist in the post-surgical recovery through pain management with therapeutic modalities, strengthening of knee musculature, […]
Patellar Tendinitis is an overuse injury causing inflammation in the patellar tendon. It is common in athletes particularly those involved in volleyball or basketball. Pain is often sharp and localized to the tendon bellow the patella (knee cap). Physiotherapy can assist in improving pain through therapeutic modalities and taping, stretching of tight structures (e.g. […]
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome is the result of damage to the joint between the patella (knee cap) and femur (leg bone). This condition is more common in young females, and as the name suggests runners where stress is placed on the quadriceps muscle. Individuals describe pain under or around the patella, and indicate pain worsens […]
There are four main ligaments in the knee: anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), medial collateral ligament (MCL), lateral collateral ligament (LCL). Any one of these ligaments may be partially or completely torn due to trauma (pivot, forceful hit to the knee). Physiotherapy is effective in reducing pain and improving strength in […]
The meniscus is a cartilaginous structure providing cushioning between your femur and tibia. Tears in the meniscus (either lateral or medial) may result from trauma such as twisting of the knee, or from degeneration. Individuals with meniscal tears often have difficulties with weight bearing activities (e.g. running, walking), going up the stairs, and may […]