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Where does Sciatica come from?

The sciatic nerve is the longest and thickest nerve in your body. It starts in the lowest part of your back and it branches down all the way to the tips of your toes. This nerve carries useful information from the legs to the brain, including pain signals, joint position, touch […]


Spondilolisthesis is a condition where the upper lumbar vertebra is displaced anteriorly (forward) on the vertebrae one level below. There are 3 grades of anterior slippage of the vertebral body: Grade 1 (low level), Grade 2 (moderate level) and Grade 3 (severe level). It is usually common in persons who are exposed to repetitive […]


Sciatica is an irritation of the sciatic nerve. It can result from multiple causes such as: a sudden stretch of the nerve (e.g. fall), excessive pressure on the nerve (e.g. prolonged sitting-truck drivers, pilots), low back injury and tightness of the piriformis muscle. Physiotherapy can be effective by addressing these factors through manual therapy […]


Costochondritis is the inflammation of the costochondral joints (joints between the rib bone and cartilage). Physiotherapy intervention is effective in relieving pain through the use of therapeutic modalities such as laser, gentle stretching exercises to the tight rib cage and pectoral muscles, breathing exercises, taping to unload painful tissues and education.

Disc Dergangement/Herniation

Disc dergangement/herniation is the result of displacement of the intervertebral disc. This is common in individuals 30-40 years old and may result from an unknown cause or traumatic injury. Individuals experience pain at the site of the derangement and may experience pain, numbness or tingling in their arms (cervical) or legs (lumbar). Individuals experience […]


Stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal canal resulting in increased pressure on the spinal cord itself or the spinal nerves. There is no specific cause of stenosis but it tends to worsen over time. Individuals experience pain at the site of stenosis but may experience pain, numbness or tingling in their arms (cervical […]


Scoliosis is a condition resulting in curvature of the spine. It is most commonly detected in young children, and doctors will monitor the curvature of the spine as the child develops. Individuals may experience pain, poor posture and poor core strength. On the convexity of the curve muscles are weak while on the concavity […]