Scoliosis is a condition resulting in curvature of the spine. It is most commonly detected in young children, and doctors will monitor the curvature of the spine as the child develops. Individuals may experience pain, poor posture and poor core strength. On the convexity of the curve muscles are weak while on the concavity of the curve muscles are tight. Physiotherapy is effective in stretching and strengthening the appropriate back musculature, in addition to providing exercises and education on improving posture.