A fracture is a break in the bone. Following appropriate medical intervention (e.g. surgery, cast) physiotherapy can assist in improving strength in the muscles surrounding the fracture, improving range of motion of the affected area and reducing pain through therapeutic modalities such as ultrasound and interferential current.

Nerve Injuries

Irritation to the nerve may occur alone or in conjunction with other injuries such as low back or neck pain. Individuals may experience numbness, pins and needles or a burning sensation. Physiotherapy can assist with improving the movement of nerves within the tissue through hands on techniques and exercises.


Lymphadema is the swelling of limbs due to lymph fluid build up in lymph nodes. This condition is particularly common with breast cancer when lymph nodes may be damaged or removed following surgery or radiation. Physiotherapy is effective in providing appropriate exercises to help promote lymphatic drainage as well as provide education on compression […]


Urinary Incontinence is the involuntary loss of urine. Incontinence can occur at any age; however it is common during or post pregnancy and in the geriatric population. There are various types of urinary incontinence including: stress incontinence, urge incontinence, overflow incontinence and mixed incontinence. Physiotherapy typically involves deep pelvic floor muscular control retraining exercises, […]


Osteoporosis is a disease resulting in the loss of bone mass. This condition is more common in women and increases the risk of fractures especially in the hip, spine and wrist. Treatment for osteoporosis consists of: weight bearing activities such as running, and brisk walking to help maintain bone mass, education on proper body […]


Fibromyalgia is a condition characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain that often occurs in conjunction with fatigue and local tenderness. This condition is diagnosed by a rheumatologist. Individuals with fibromyalgia may be aggravated by temperature, stress, or noise. Physiotherapy management consists of cardiovascular training, pain management modalities, and education on sleep hygiene and energy conservation.


Osteoarthritis is a condition in which the cartilage of the joint is degenerated. Individuals with osteoarthritis may experience swelling or pain in the joint, morning stiffness, weakness in the muscles surrounding the joint and impaired function. The most common joints affected by osteoarthritis are the hip and knee. Physiotherapy is effective in managing these […]


A sprain is damage to a ligament, while strain is damage to a tendon. Sprains and strains are categorized in three ways: grade 1 minimal tear, grade 2 partial tear and grade 3 full tear. Common strains include hamstring, gastrocneimus and back.

Sprains are common in the knee, wrist and ankle. Physiotherapy management will […]