Stress fractures are common in athletes involved in sports with running and jumping. Repetitive stress to the leg results in the loss of shock absorption. Individuals with stress fractures are irritated by activities such as running, walking, jumping or wearing improper footwear (e.g. footwear that lacks arch support). Individuals usually feel better with rest or ice. Physiotherapy can be effective in reducing pain through therapeutic modalities, correcting muscle imbalances through stretching and strengthening appropriate leg muscles and education regarding proper footwear, braces and return to sport.