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Scoliosis is a condition resulting in curvature of the spine. It is most commonly detected in young children, and doctors will monitor the curvature of the spine as the child develops. Individuals may experience pain, poor posture and poor core strength. On the convexity of the curve muscles are weak while on the concavity […]

Scaphoid Fracture

The scaphoid bone is a small bone at the base of the thumb. It is common in individuals following a FOOSH (fall on outstretched hand). Individuals usually complain of pain at the base of the thumb which is tender to touch. Following surgery or immobilization from a cast, physiotherapy can assist in improving mobility […]

Colles Fracture

Colles fracture is a fracture to the distal radius of the wrist. This is usually caused by a FOOSH (fall on out-stretched hand). Physiotherapy intervention is effective in re-gaining mobility of the wrist joint, improving strength and function of the wrist.

De Quervain’s

De Quervain’s results from inflammation and strain to, abductor pollicis longus, and extensor pollicis brevis, two tendons of the thumb. This condition is common in individuals performing repetitive activities of the wrist especially new mothers who are frequently lifting their children or persons unaccustomed to particular exercise or activity involving the thumb/wrist. Individuals may […]

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a common condition involving the compression of the median nerve in the wrist. Individuals may experience pins/needles tingling affecting the thumb, index finger, middle finger and half the ring finger. This may be aggravated by typing, sleeping and excessive movements of the wrist. Physiotherapy can help with carpal tunnel syndrome […]

Golfer’s Elbow

Medial Epicondylosis (Golfer’s elbow) is the irritation of the wrist flexor tendons resulting in pain and weakness. This condition is common in labourers, baseball players and as the name suggests golfers. Golfer’s elbow is aggravated by repetitive wrist movements. Physiotherapy can help by addressing pain through therapeutic modalities, hands-on techniques, exercises to strengthen […]

Tennis Elbow

Lateral Epicondylosis (Tennis elbow) is the irritation of the wrist extensor tendons resulting in pain and weakness. This condition is common in individuals who play recreational tennis or perform repetitive arm activities such as lifting, grasping objects. Physiotherapy is effective in reducing pain, improving strength and flexibility of the extensor tendons.


Instability is usually the result of repetitive subluxation or dislocation of the shoulder joint. The purpose of physiotherapy is to improve scapular stability/control and increased strength in the rotator cuff muscles.


Dislocation occurs when the humeral head (arm bone) comes out of the socket. This commonly occurs in young athletes from a traumatic force to the shoulder. Dislocation may also occur from a fall in the older population. Individuals with dislocations should seek physiotherapy to improve mobility, as well as strength and control of shoulder […]

RC Tears

Rotator cuff tears are the partial or full rupture of one or more of the rotator cuff tendons. The rotator cuff muscles include: the supraspinatus, infrapsinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis. Tears are often the result of trauma/fall, or impingement (see shoulder impingement) due to poor postural habits. Individuals with rotator cuff tears may experience […]